According to the Road Traffic Law, road code, a bus is “a motor vehicle for transporting more than 9 km / h”. This post from birmingham charter bus gives you a clear idea about the functions of buses.
Colloquially, buses are called large motor vehicles, used to transport a group of people. These vehicles are designed by this purpose.
A Glance of Important Guidelines
For driving D-category driving licenses, also category D1 – a bus with more than 17 passengers. To drive a bus with a trailer, you must have a driving license category D + E, or, for example, a pre-performance certificate. C + E and D. No additional driving license + is required for medical vehicles.
Buses must have a valid homologation certificate and meet special technical conditions. A certificate of approval issued in one country of the European Union is valid in all others. The technical conditions of buses, and therefore the maximum acceptable dimensions, are set by the minister competent for transport matters. The conditions are consistent in all EU countries.
- Acceptable bus parameters
- Parameter Maximum permissible size
- 2.55 m width
- Height 4 m
- The length of the two-axle bus 13.5 m
- The length of the bus with several axles greater than two 15 m
- The length of the articulated bus 18.75 m
- Total weight of a two-axle bus 18 tonnes
- Total weight of articulated bus 28 tons
- Pressure on non-driven axle 10 t
- Focus on the 11.5 t driven axle
Generally, the maximum permitted speed of the bus is 50 km / h in built-up areas in the day (hours 5:00 – 23:00) and 60 km / h in the night (23:00 – 5:00). In the non-built-up area, the bus can run at a speed of 70 km / h, and on dual carriageways, expressways and motorways – 80 km / h. A bus that meets special additional technical requirements can travel on expressways and motorways at a maximum speed of 100 km / h.
Each bus must be able to navigate a ring with an external radius of 12.5 m and an inner radius of 5.4 m.
The formal classification of buses is given in the ordinance of the Minister of Infrastructure on the type-approval of motor vehicles and trailers. It comes directly from the EU Directive 2001/85 / EC, referring to the older Directive 70/156 / EEC.
M2 vehicles for transporting more than 8 persons excluding the driver, with a DMC less than 5 tons
M3 vehicles for transporting more than 8 persons excluding the driver, with a DMC of more than 5 tons
The articulated buses are also included in these categories. For both categories, the buses were additionally divided into classes.